Fresh Foods

Rabbit Appropriate Fresh Foods
(based on diet information of Susan Brown, DVM)

Green Foods Fruits and Other Vegetables (Treat Foods)
When selecting and using green foods follow these guidelines:

  • Buy (or grow) organic if possible
  • Wash any green foods first
  • Make sure your rabbit is eating hay well first
  • Introduce greens a little at a time over several days and watch the stools for any change
  • Feed a variety of green foods daily – a minimum would be three varieties – variety provides a wider range of micronutrients as well as mental stimulation for your pet
  • Feed a maximum of about 1 packed cup of green foods per 2 pounds of body weight at least once a day or this amount divided twice a day.
Depending on the time of year, rabbits in the wild would have access to additional foods such as fruits, vegetables and flowers. Since these items do not make up the majority of the diet, we recommend feeding these treats in limited quantities. Another reason for limiting the amount is because some rabbits like these foods so well that they will eat them to the exclusion of all others, thereby creating a potential for health problems. Foods from this list can be fed daily and you may even wish to use them as part of a reward or training system.For treat foods, follow the same guidelines listed above for selecting and using green foods with the exception of the amount. You can feed your pet a total of 1 tablespoon per 2 pounds of body weight per day of any combination of the fruits below. Other veggies should make up no more than 15% of the total diet.
Arugula
Bok Choy
BorageBasil (any variety)
Broccoli (leaves and top)
Cabbage (red, green, Chinese)
Carrot/beet tops
Chickory
Cilantro
Collard greens
Dandelion greens
Dill leaves
Dock
Endive
Escarole
Fennel (leafy top and base)
Kale
Mache
Mint (any variety)
Mustard greens
Parsley (Italian or flat leaf best)
Radicchio
Red or Green leaf lettuce
Romaine lettuce
Spring greens
Swiss chard (any color)
Turnip greens
Water cress
Apple
Banana (remove peel, no more than ¼ inch slice for 5 lb rabbit)
Bean or alfalfa sprouts
Bell peppers (any color)
Berries (any type)
Broccoli (leaves and stems)
Brussels sprouts
Carrots
Cherries
Chinese pea pods (no large peas)
Cranberries
Green or red bell peppers
Kiwi Fruit
Mango
Melons
Papaya
Peach
Pear
Plum
Pineapple
Raspberries
Summer squash
Zucchini squash
Occasionally you may have a situation where a select green food causes a soft stool. You will know if this is the case within 12 hours of feeding the offending food. If you are feeding a variety of greens and are not sure which one is causing the problem, then feed only one green food every 48 hours until the offending food is identified and then simply remove it from the diet. This is not a dangerous situation, but it can be messy and there is no need to give a food that is causing a problem. There are many green foods from which to choose. Dried fruit can be used as well, but since it is so concentrated, use only one third the amount as fresh. Instead of one tablespoon use one teaspoon. We do not recommend feeding bananas and grapes as rabbits sometimes become “addicted” to these foods. If you chose to feed them, watch your pet carefully to ensure that he is also eating sufficient quantities of green foods and hay.
*TIP: Find at least one food in this list that your rabbit likes and feed a small amount daily to check on how good your rabbit’s appetite is. If your rabbit will not eat her treat food, then there may be other problems brewing and you need to keep a close eye on your pet for health problems.